Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus fuscus - Goéland brun

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Charadriiformes

  • Family
    :

    Laridés

  • Genus
    :

    Larus

  • Species
    :

    fuscus

Descriptor

Linnaeus, 1758

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 61 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 124 à 127 cm.
  • Weight
    : 650 à 1000 g
Longevity

26 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) is a species of bird in the Laridae family.

Subspecific information 5 Subspecies

  • Larus fuscus fuscus (n Norway, Sweden and Finland to the White Sea)
  • Larus fuscus graellsii (Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Is., w Europe)
  • Larus fuscus intermedius (Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, sw Sweden and w Norway)
  • Larus fuscus heuglini (n Russia to nc Siberia)
  • Larus fuscus barabensis (c Asia)

Foreign names

  • Goéland brun,
  • Gaviota Sombría,
  • Gaivota-de-asa-escura,
  • Heringsmöwe,
  • heringsirály,
  • Kleine Mantelmeeuw,
  • Zafferano,
  • Silltrut,
  • Sildemåke,
  • čajka tmavá,
  • racek žlutonohý,
  • Sildemåge,
  • selkälokki,
  • Kleinswartrugmeeu,
  • gavià fosc,
  • Sílamáfur,
  • mewa żółtonoga,
  • reņģu kaija,
  • rjavi galeb,
  • Клуша,
  • ニシセグロカモメ,
  • 小黑背鸥,
  • นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก,
  • 小黑背鷗〔灰林銀鷗〕,

Voice song and cries

Habitat

Grassland : Temperate ; Wetlands (inland) : Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls), Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands, Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha), Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) ; Marine Neritic : Pelagic, Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs, Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel, Subtidal Sandy, Subtidal Sandy-Mud, Macroalgal/Kelp, Seagrass (Submerged), Estuaries ; Marine Oceanic : Epipelagic (0-200m), Mesopelagic (200-1000m) ; Marine Intertidal : Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc ; Marine Coastal/Supratidal : Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands, Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes, Coastal Freshwater Lakes ; Artificial/Terrestrial : Arable Land, Pastureland, Urban Areas ; Artificial/Aquatic and Marine : Water Storage Areas (over 8ha), Excavations (open), Wastewater Treatment Areas, Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches

Geographic range

Illustration

plus de photos

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

QRcode Goéland brun © 1996-2018 Oiseaux.net